суббота, 8 декабря 2018 г.

Text for analysis

Lost Love
by Jan Carew
These things happened to me nearly ten years ago. I lived in a city, but the city was hot in summer. I wanted to see the country. I wanted to walk in the woods and see green trees.
I had a little red car and I had a map, too. I drove all night out into the country. I was happy in my car. We had a very good summer that year. The country was very pretty in the early morning. The sun was hot, and the sky was blue. I heard the birds in the trees.
And then my car stopped suddenly.
‘What’s wrong?’ I thought. ‘Oh dear, I haven’t got any petrol. Now I’ll have to walk. I’ll have to find a town and buy some petrol. But where am I?’
I looked at the map. I wasn’t near a town. I was lost in the country.
And then I saw the girl. She walked down the road, with flowers in her hand. She wore a long dress, and her hair was long, too. It was long and black, and it shone in the sun. She was very pretty. I wanted to speak to her, so I got out of the car.
‘Hello,’ I said. ‘I’m lost. Where am I?’
She looked afraid, so I spoke quietly.
‘I haven’t got any petrol,’ I said. ‘Where can I find some?’
Her blue eyes looked at me, and she smiled.
‘She’s a very pretty girl!’ I thought.
‘I do not know,’ she said. ‘Come with me to the village. Perhaps we can help you.’
I went with her happily, and we walked a long way.
‘There isn’t a village on the map,’ I thought. ‘Perhaps it’s a very small village.’
There was a village, and it was old and pretty. The houses were black and white and very small. There were a lot of animals. The girl stopped at a house and smiled at me. ‘Come in, please,’ she said.
I went in. The house was very clean, but it was strange, too. There was a fire and some food above it. I felt hungry then.
‘That’s strange,’ I thought. ‘They cook their food over a wood fire! Perhaps they have no money.’
I met her father and mother, and I liked them. They were nice people, but their clothes were strange.
‘Sit down,’ said the old man. ‘Are you thirsty after your walk?’
He gave me a drink, and I said, ‘Thank you.’ But the drink was strange, too. It was dark brown and very strong. I didn’t understand. But I was happy there.
I asked about petrol, but the old man didn’t understand.
‘Petrol?’ he asked. ‘What is that?’
‘This is strange,’ I thought. Then I asked, ‘Do you walk everywhere?’
The old man smiled. ‘Oh, no, we use horses,’ he said.
‘Horses!’ I thought. ‘Horses are very slow. Why don’t they have cars?’
But I didn’t say that to the old man.
I felt happy there. I stayed all day, and I ate dinner with them that evening. Then the girl and I went out into the garden. The girl’s name was Mary.
‘This is nice,’ she said. ‘We like having visitors. We do not see many people here.’
We spoke happily. She was very beautiful. But after a time, she began to talk quietly, and her face was sad.
‘I cannot tell you,’ she said. ‘You are only a visitor here. We have to say goodbye tonight. You have to go now.’
I didn’t understand. I loved her. I knew that. And I wanted to help her. Why did 1 have to go? But Mary said again in a sad voice, ‘You have to go. It is dangerous here.’
So I said, ‘I’ll go to the next town and find some petrol. Then I’ll come back.’
She didn’t speak.
‘I love you, Mary,’ I said. ‘And I’ll come back to you. You won’t stop me.’
She said goodbye to me at the door. Her face was very sad, and I was sad, too. I didn’t want to go.
It was midnight. The night was very dark, but I walked and walked. I was very tired when I saw the lights of a town. I found some petrol, and then I asked the name of the village. But the man at the garage gave me a strange look.
‘What village?’ he asked.
I told him about the village. I told him about the old houses and the people with strange clothes.
Again he gave me a strange look. He thought, and then he said, ‘There was a village there, but it isn’t there now. There are stories about it — strange stories.’
‘What do people say about it?’ I asked.
He didn’t want to tell me, but then he said, ‘There was a big fire in the village. Everybody died. There aren’t any people or houses there now.’
‘How did it happen?’ I asked. ‘And why?’
‘Oliver Cromwell killed them; he said. ‘He was angry with the villagers because they helped the king in the war.’
‘This isn’t right,’ I thought. ‘That war happened 350 years ago!’
Then I remembered the strange clothes, the long hair, the food over the fire, and the old houses. And I remembered, too, about the horses.
‘But I don’t understand,’ I cried. ‘I saw the people and the village. I spoke to some people there!’
The man looked quickly at me, and then he spoke.
‘There’s an interesting story about the village. For one day every ten years, it lives again – but only for one day. Then it goes away again for another ten years. On that one day, you can find the village. But you have to leave before morning, or you will never leave.
‘Can this be right?’ I thought. Perhaps it was. Mary said, ‘You have to go.’ She loved me, but she said, «We have to say goodbye.’ She was afraid for me. ‘Now I understand,’ I thought.
I went back to the village, but it wasn’t there. I looked again and again, but I couldn’t find it. I saw only flowers and trees. I heard only the sound of the birds and the wind. I was very sad. I sat down on the ground and cried.
I will never forget that day. I remember Mary, and I will always love her.
Now, I only have to wait two months. The village will come back again. On the right day, I will go back. I will find her again, my love with the long, black hair. And this time, I will not leave before morning. I will stay with her.

вторник, 4 декабря 2018 г.

For the 2nd year students

Present Perfect Tense. Exercises.
Упражнение 1. Заполните таблицу, используя следующие формы глагола. Complete the table with the base forms and the past participles. Use the words in the box.
Lose, taken, swim, bought, do, written, run, eaten, take, won, write, done, buy, lost, win, run, eat, swum
base form
past simple
past participle
Упражнение 2. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Present Perfect.
1.      He _____ (finish) training.
2.     She _____ (score) twenty points in the match.
3.     We _____ (watch) all the Champions League matches this season.
4.     That's amazing! She _____ (run)  fifteen kilometers this morning!
5.     She _____  (buy)  some really nice rollerblades!
6.     Oh, no! I  _____ (lose) my money!
7.     My mum _____ (write) shopping list. It's on the kitchen table.
8.     Dad, you _____ (eat) my biscuit!
9.     I’m tired. I  _____ (watch) three X-Files videos.             
10. Hurry up! They  _____ (start) the film!
11.   Mary  _____ (study) hard this year, so she'll pass her exams.
12. Oh no! She  _____  (drop) the plate!
13.  The garden is very green. It  _____ (rain) a lot this month.
14. These are my favourite trousers. I  _____ (have) them for five years.
15.  Tom's my best friend. I  _____ (know) him for three years.
16. They _____  (live) in Miami for two years.
17.  Jo has earache. He  _____ (have) it since 7 o'clock.
18. Brad _____ (live) in Chicago since 1998.

 Упражнение 3. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Present Perfect negative.
1.      I _____ (not clean) my football boots.
2.     They _____ (not start) their meal.
3.     I  _____ (not do) my homework.
4.     He _____  (not win)  all his matches this year.
5.     My brother and I _____  (not see) any films this week.              
6.     It's my birthday party today. I  _____ (not invite) many people.
7.     He  _____  (not wash) his hands. They're very dirty.
8.     Mum's really angry. We _____  (not tidy) our room!
9.     I can't play with my friends this evening. I  _____ (not finish) my homework.
10. I  _____  (not visit) New York for three years.
11.   Where's Alison? We  _____  (not see) her since yesterday.
12. Dad   _____ (not take) a holiday since last August.
13.  John  _____ (not play) the violin since he was school.
Упражнение 4.Пользуясь опорными словами, a также словами for и since составьте предложения в Present Perfect Simple.
1.      Kate/be/in bed/a long time.
2.     She / not eat / anything / this morning.
3.     She / not see / her friends / a week.    
4.     She / stay / at home / Tuesday.              
5.     She / have / a red nose / three days.
6.     She / not play / basketball / last weekend.
7.      She / not do / any school work / Monday.

Упражнение 11. Заполните письмо Джейн глаголами в Present Perfect. Complete Jane's letter to her American friend. Use the Present Perfect Tense.
Dear Amy
I _____ (1 not have) a letter from you for a long time. _____ (2 you lose) my address? I bought the new Steps CD at the weekend. I _____ (3 already listen) to it. _____ (4 you hear) it yet? It’s brilliant. There’s a new video too, but I _____ (5 not see) it yet.
School is going OK. I _____ (6 just finish) some exams, but the holidays _____ (7 not start) yet. We’re going to Ireland. I _____ (8 never be) there.
Write soon with your news.

вторник, 27 ноября 2018 г.

For the 2nd year students

Поставьте глаголы в скобках в нужном времени и в нужной форме.
1. It sometimes (snows/is snowing) here in April. 2. It (snows/is snowing) now. 3. Every morning mother (cooks/is cooking) breakfast for us. 4. It is 8 o’clock now. Mother (cooks/ is cooking) breakfast. 5. Every day father (leaves/is leaving) the house at half past eight. 6. Now it is half past eight. Father (leaves/is leaving) the house. 7. We often (watch/are watching) TV. 8. Now we (sit/ are sitting) in armchairs and (watch/are watching) TV. 9. Sometimes Mike (does/is doing) his lessons in the evening. 10. Look at Mike. He (does/is doing) his lessons. 11. It often (rains/is raining) in September. 12. It (rains/is raining) now. 13. Every day the family (has/is having) tea at 5 o’clock. 14.  It is 5 o’clock now. The family (has/is having) tea.
Выберите из скобок нужную форму. Объясните сделанный выбор.
1. Не often (go) to the cinema. 2. They (watch) TV at the moment. 3. She (write) letters to her mother every week. 4. Nina usually (drive) to work. 5. Father (sit) on the sofa now. 6. Listen. The telephone (ring). 7. Tim (study) a new language every year. 8. We always (spend) the summer in York. 9. In summer we usually (go) to the seaside. 10. Look at Tom. He (ride) a horse.
Заполните пропуски, используя don’t, doesn’t, isn’t, aren’t или am not.
1. We … watching a television programme now. 2. We … watch television every day. 3.  It… raining very hard at the moment.  4. I … hear you well. 5. It… rain very much in summer. 6. Mr Johnson … eating his lunch now. 7. Mr Johnson … always eat at that cafe. 8. I… see any students in that room. 9. They … like milk for lunch. 10. He … have money for a new car.
Начните вопросы с do, does, is, are или am.
1. … you learn new words in each lesson?
2. … you learning the new words right now?
3. … she usually sit at the third desk?
4. … she sitting at the third desk today?
5. … you read many books every year?
6. … you reading an interesting book now?
Найдите ошибки и исправьте их.
1.We not going to school today. 2. What you doing after school? 3. At the moment Peter is work in Russia. 4. Does he got a new car?  5. He never wear a hat. 6. He don’t like black coffee. 7. We are have a good time.  8. What you doing now? 9. It rains at the moment.  10. How you like the game?
Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Present Simple или Present Continuous.
1. Elephants (not/eat) meat. 2. He (go) to the cinema once a week. 3. He (not/watch) always a good film. 4. Uncle George always (come) to dinner on Sundays. 5. He (not/work) on Sundays, of course. 6. Look! A big white bird (sit) in our garden.
Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Present Simple или Present Continuous.
1. —What you (do) here? —I (wait) for a friend. 2. —He (speak) French? —Yes, he (speak) French well. 3. Someone (knock) at the door. 4. Don’t go into the classroom. The students (write) a dictation there. 5. The man who (read) a book is our English teacher. 6. Let’s go for a walk. It (not/rain). 7.  — Where is Joe? — He (look for) his key.   8. Don’t disturb Ed. He (do) his homework. 9. We usually (watch) TV One but tonight we (watch) TV Two for a change.   10.—What’s that noise? —Sam (play) ball.
Начните вопросы с do, does, is, are или am.
  1. …. you listening to me?
  2. . … you hear me well?
  3. … this lesson very difficult to you?
  4.  … you remember the title of that book?
  5. … you understand all of the words very well?
Найдите ошибки и исправьте их.
1. She speak French very well. 2. I’m taking my umbrella because is raining. 3. I am hating hot milk. 4. Are you understanding this rule now? 5. I am liking tea. 6. He is speaking three languages. 7. I’m so dirty. I am need a bath now. 8. He is having a flat in the center. 9. Peter is in the kitchen. He cooks breakfast for the family.
Переведите на английский язык.
  1. На завтрак я ем кашу. Но я не люблю кашу.
  2. Том играет в футбол каждое воскресенье.
  3. Торопись, автобус идет.
  4. Мы живем в Москве.
  5. Семья Смитов сейчас проживает в гостинице.
Переведите на английский язык.
  1. Я учу английский язык.
  2. Я сейчас читаю книгу. (Не мешай мне.)
  3. Я чищу зубы каждое утро.
  4. Что делаешь? — Я рисую.
  5. Я вас не понимаю.
  6. Мой брат ждет меня внизу.
  7. Кто плачет? — Моя сестра плачет.
  8. Джейн хорошо поет. Слышишь? Она поет сейчас.
  9. Кто-то идет сюда. Я слышу шаги (it).
  10. Где ты покупаешь хлеб?